Oak Ridge National Laboratory Hit by Cyber-attack
Recently, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) detected cyber-attack forcing the organization to shut down website and suspend Internet access.
The attack followed a spear-phishing attack, which targeted the employees of ORNL. Cleverly crafted e-mails were sent to several employees, which appeared to arrive from the human resource department of the organization regarding some employee benefits. The e-mail lured employees to click on a link for getting more information on the benefits. Some employees, who clicked on the link, inadvertently downloaded information stealing malware on their computer systems. The malware is alleged to have exploited a flaw in Internet explorer. The affected computers have been quarantined to contain the spread of malware.
The organization has also suspended external e-mail service, which is likely to be restored soon. However, ORNL intends to disallow e-mail attachments as a precautionary measure. Security professionals of the organization have referred to the attacks as an Advanced Persistent Threat (APT). Last month, RSA had reported a similar APT attack, which resulted in the theft of information related to SecurID two-factor authentication.
Cyber-attacks on research institutions may result in disclosure of sensitive technical information, which may adversely affect strategic and national interests of a country. Cyber-attacks have grown in sophistication and frequency. The attacks may be launched by cybercriminals, rival intelligence agencies, activists and attackers loyal to rival countries. IT professionals need to update their technical skills and know-how through webinars, training sessions, security conferences and online IT degree programs to deal with the proactive cyber threats.
Organizations must regularly evaluate the security of their IT infrastructure by availing the services of professionals qualified in IT degree programs, secured programming and penetration testing. IT policy of the company must be regularly updated in accordance with the latest threats. IT professionals must implement the IT policy and ensure compliance by all employees of the organization.
Attackers are increasingly making use of social engineering techniques to extract confidential information from employees. E-learning programs, online IT courses and huddle sessions may help in creating awareness on latest security threats, techniques used by attackers and safe computing practices among employees. Access to computer systems containing privileged information must be restricted to only few authorized employees. These systems could be kept offline or on a separate network to prevent intrusion and unauthorized access. As evidence plays a crucial role in bringing offenders to justice, employees must be trained on the incident response procedures to be followed on the occurrence of a security incident. Employees must adhere to the security guidelines to safeguard computer systems and networks from security threats.
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EC-Council is a member-based organization that certifies individuals in cybersecurity and e-commerce skills. It is the owner and developer of 16 security certifications, including Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Computer Hacking Forensics Investigator (CHFI) and EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA)/License Penetration Tester (LPT). Its certificate programs are offered in over 60 countries around the world.
EC-Council has trained over 80,000 individuals and certified more than 30,000 members, through more than 450 training partners globally. These certifications are recognized worldwide and have received endorsements from various government agencies including the U.S. federal government via the Montgomery GI Bill, Department of Defense via DoD 8570.01-M, National Security Agency (NSA) and the Committee on National Security Systems (CNSS). EC-Council also operates the global series of Hacker Halted security conferences.
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