Biggest Problem of Women, Sex Hormones Influence Sleep

In this context, note that there are very specific sleep disorders for women, for example, has shown that we are twice as likely to suffer insomnia.
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New York, NY ( July 28, 2012 - Women are more likely to have sleep disorders than men. Did you know that such differences are associated to the action of sex hormones? Indeed, our sleep patterns undergo changes throughout the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause.

Throughout the day has to meet lots of work activities, home and leisure, like the day has more than 24 hours and may work 20 hours and sleep four. Remember that sleep is a physiological need vital, since it allows optimal performance, in addition to promoting physical and emotional wellbeing.

In this context, note that there are very specific sleep disorders for women, for example, has shown that we are twice as likely to suffer insomnia. The fact that the physical and hormonal changes affect the quality of sleep is known that the female population has more phases of light sleep and twice as deep sleep than men. These differences are evident under certain circumstances, such as administering medication, sleep deprivation and changes in activity and schedules.

Stages of sleep
Before we get to the topic, you must know the different stages of sleep, we have the following states:
Slow wave sleep or REM (rapid eye movement).Going after the person begins to sleep until it reaches the deep sleep. In turn, is divided into the following cycles:
* Phase 1 (wake-sleep).Is the transition between consciousness and sleep, which lasts from 1 to 7 minutes. It is a very light sleeper and he can perceive during most of the auditory and tactile stimuli that are generated around, so there is little or no sleep.
* Phase 2 (light sleep).It is considered the first stage of sleep real, though slight. It decreases heart rate and breathing, nervous system, blocking access roads to sensory information and lateral eye movements are slow.
* Phase 3.It comes at 20 minutes after the person has fallen asleep and sleep is moderately deep. During the same, blocking the sensation is intensified and, if you wake up during this phase, it is normal to experience some degree of confusion and disorientation.
* Phase 4.Is the stage of increased depth of sleep and brain activity is slower (referred to as delta-wave). As in step 3, it is essential for a period physical restoration and, above all, psychic organism. It is the stage where changes are manifested as well known as sleepwalking or night terrors.

Note that where there are deficiencies in phases 3 and 4 shows daytime sleepiness and fatigue.

Rapid eye movement (REM). During this stage the activity of the brain is very similar to that recorded in the waking state, although there is no activity. However, during sleep are rapid eye movements, indicating that we enter the labyrinth of dreams more intense and profound that we see in narrative form. We arrived at this stage about an hour and a half after sleep reconciled.

Throughout the night, alternating cycles are non-REM and REM, producing what is called the typical architecture of sleep.

Hormonal influence
Sex hormones involved in the regulation of female sleep and therefore do different from man, include:

Estrogen: They provide physical vitality, psychological and sexual dynamics and make us optimistic. Also determine the distribution of body fat, promote the pigmentation of the nipples and genital area. On the other hand, maintain in good consistency of the skeleton to prevent leakage of calcium from bone during the reproductive age and induce the elevation of good cholesterol, reducing risks of having a myocardial infarction (death of part of muscle tissue heart).

The appropriate level of these hormones, as estradiol, increases total sleep time and increases, especially REM sleep duration. As we know, women are in menopause (ending stage in the reproductive age) present dramatic decrease in estrogen levels and disappear. Symptoms of this are insomnia and night waking, alterations that decrease when resorting to hormone replacement therapy.

Progesterone: This hormone affects the glandular breast, inducing an increase in size, especially in the days before menstruation. It promotes moderate retention of water and salt by the kidney, resulting in slight increase in body weight and local accumulation of fluid in breasts, abdomen and lower extremities, this effect is most noticeable during PMS. Moreover, thanks to its action on brain and central nervous system, can influence body temperature, while stimulating the respiratory centers to improve ventilation (breathing) pulmonary.

Through numerous studies have shown that this hormone has somniferous properties, anesthetic and anxiolytic. Therefore, finding alters decreased sleep quality.
Always consult your doctor how to improve sexual health and treatment for menstrual irregularities.

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Tag Words: menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause, sex hormones, sleep disorders, suffer insomnia, sleepiness and fatigue, sexual problem, sexual health
Categories: Lifestyle

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